Titlu referat: Abraham Lincoln
Nivel referat: liceu
When we read the
history of the United States of America ,
we remember above all two great names
: George Washington and Abraham Lincoln .
George Washington , the
general who commanded the North American
Army in the War of Independence
against Britain , became the first President
of the United States . He and those
who fought with him did much for
their country : they freed it from colonial
oppresion . But Abraham Lincoln had a
greater wish : he wanted to see all
the people of the United States, including
the Negroes , free from oppression and
exploitation by the rich , the owners of
the big plantations .
Abraham Lincoln was
the son of a poor farmer . He was
born in 1809 and his childhood was
spent in hard work , helping his father
on their small farm . But in 1816 , when
the young Abraham was only seven
years old , his father lost his farm
and the family moved to another part
of the country , where the boy worked
as a farm labourer , a shop assistant
and later as a clerk in the post -
office . Then , in 1818, his mother , whom he
loved very dearly , died . Happily for him , when
his father maried again , the second wife
was a good mother to him to . Seeing
that Abraham liked reading , she did all
she could to help him . But the
family was poor and the boy could
not get many books . His favourite ones
were ' The life of George Washington '
and ' Robinson Crusoe ' by Daniel Defoe .
He himself later said that he only
went to school „ by littles ” - a litle
now and a little then , and not more
than a year in all . But he worked
hard and later even became a lawyer .
In 1847 he was
selected a member of the US Congress .
In all his political work , Lincoln thought
of building a free state for all
the people . The state , he said , could not
be half free and half slaves , it
must be all one or all the other .
In 1860 , Abraham Lincoln
was elected President of the United States
. Then he worked still harder for
freedom for the slaves .
During the Civil War betwen the
North and South,Lincoln was named
commander-in-chief of the Union Army , and
in 1865 the war was won by
the Union Army and those who wanted
freedom for the slaves .
In 1864 , he was
elected President of the United States
for the second time . But his enemies , the
owners of the plantations in the
South and the bankers in New -
York who had grown rich on the
work of the slaves , could not let
Lincoln continue his good work . He was
shot in a theatre in New York
on April 14 , 1865 and he died the
next day .
At the opening of
a memorial to the many men who
had lost their lives fighting for the
freedom of the Negroes , Abraham Lincoln
told his country - men that the living
must finish the work of those dead ;
that they must fight for freedom for
all - blaks and whites ; that America must
strengthen government of the people by
the people and for the people
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