Titlu referat: A country to enjoy
Nivel referat: liceu
A COUNTRY TO ENJOY
Legacies of a Troubled but Inspiring
Legends like that of Count Dracula or the
real history of Romania are testimonies of such an exciting past. Such a
heritage is to be found in the high-roofed wooden churches of Transylvania.
Admire the 16th century artistic treasures of the Bucovina monasteries, or
listen spellbound to George Enescu's "Romanian Rhapsody" with brilliantly
inspired from folklore themes. The most decisive influence on this country's
development was that of ancient Rome.
are part of the Romanian
Six Hundred Thousand Years
Signs of human life are to
be found in the Carpathian mountains since around 600.000 BC. Although there
had been Greek colonies on the Black Sea coast since the 6th century BC, the
first centralised kingdom was of a Thracian people called the
This Dacian civilisation reached its heyday
under Decebalus, in the
century AD, but he was finally defeated by the Emperor
Roman legions in 106. Roman colonisation and
followed and the resulting population became Christian. In 271 the
withdrew and 1,000 years of sporadic invasion ensued, followed by
centuries of Turkish and Russian aggression. The
civilisation and Romania's Latin inheritance survived.
The Rise of the
"Romanians" were first mentioned in documents
in the 1160s, soon after which Wallachia and Moldavia emerged as
of noble leaders held of the Turks, namely Prince Mircea the Old,
Vlad Tepes (the Impaler) and Stephen the Great of Moldavia, who built
to 50 monasteries and churches and moulded Moldavian culture. In the
century Michael the Brave united all these three provinces and chased
the Turks. In many respects the 15th and 16th centuries were a golden age
architecture and art.
Emergence of a
After Michael the Brave's death in 1601, two
and a half centuries of conflicts followed, during which a Romanian sense of
nationhood developed little by little. In 1859 the two principalities of
Wallachia and Moldavia united in the name of Romania as of 1862. The country
became a monarchy in 1881, but it was only in 1918 that union took place
between the three Romanian provinces.
After 1945 the Russians deposed the king and
revolution of December 1989 brought Romania firmly back into
Europe. The most obvios result is that the age-old friendliness and
of Romanians have been asserted again, as visitors will soon
Romanian village architecture
is imaginative and colourful
Exquisite churches and monasteries
Such a past was bound to create a great range
of artistic and cultural achievements. Broadly, three main strands are
discernible and anyone travelling across Romania can see splendid examples of
Country-style Crafts and
Romania's traditional village architecture,
crafts and cuisine represent a living culture of unique value. Look for the
finely carved doorways of Transylvanian houses, the beautiful wooden churches,
the variety of regional costumes and the simplicity of country artefacts.
Ceramics and pottery, woven rugs, icons, and woodcarvings are accompanied by
local cuisine and wines. Cooking is an art, too, and Romanians make good use of
their mushrooms and vegetables, their pork, chicken and beef, sometimes in
spicy dishes with an oriental flavour.
The noble families of Romania were great
builders and patrons. There
numerous medieval castles, some of which are like taken from
Bran, others fancifully French such as Corvin, while Renaissance
Baroque styles were adapted to a specifically Romanian pattern
late 17th century ruler of Wallachia, Constantin Brancoveanu.
Modern Art and
In the 19th and 20th centuries nationhood was
matched by an outpouring f artistic talent. The playwright Eugen Ionesco, the
sculpturer Constantin Brancusi, and the composer George Enescu, are just three
outstanding examples. Their talent, and that of their successors, is
appreciated throughout the country in concerts, operas, galleries and
exibitions. Romania's cultural heritage is a living one both in fine art and
take place every year
The monumental works of Brancusi (1876-1957)
are famous and well represented in international collections, namely in the
Museum of Modern Art in New - York.
Visiting Romania gives you the chance to see
his work in the marvellous setting of a park in Targu Jiu, near Hobita, his
home village, in the north of Oltenia. Here, among trees and lawns, there are
works such as "The
of the Kiss", "The Endless Column", "The Alley of Chairs" and "The Table of
Silence" displayed as Brancusi wanted them to be. Targu Jiu is in a spectacular
country, too. If the town is not on your itinerary-then put it on!
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